Fire Cupping - An In-Depth Look at One of Our Favorite Treatments


So, you know that tight, painful feeling in your neck from hours of working on the laptop and staring at your phone? Perhaps your shoulders feel tight and ropy, and you feel like the Hunchback of Notre Desk. And maybe you have a headache too, something dull and achy that starts at the base of your skull, then travels over the top of your head to your eyes, or through the side of your head to your temple.

You have a case of “tech neck”, and cupping is your new best friend.

You may have heard people talk about cupping. Or, maybe you’ve just heard me talk about cupping, because I’m completely in love with it. I love getting it, I love giving it, and I think it’s really effective! Plus, it leaves neat marks on your back that scream, “Hey, I just did something really good for myself and saw my acupuncturist!”.

What is cupping all about anyway?

How it works

Cupping refers to the practice of using glass or plastic cups to create a suction effect on the skin. Cupping is most often performed on bare skin on the neck, shoulders, back, and hips, but can be done almost anywhere! If I think a cup will stick, I'll try it.

With glass cups, a suction effect is created by placing an inverted glass cup over a flaming alcohol-soaked cotton ball, which removes the oxygen from the cup and creates a vacuum. The cup is then quickly placed on the surface of the skin, and “sucks” the skin up inside. The cup isn’t hot when applied, and flame never comes in to contact with the skin — the fire merely serves the purpose of creating the suction necessary to perform the treatment.

Plastic cups use a pump gun tool to suck the air out of the cup while it is in contact with the patient’s skin. Plastic cups can be placed in very exacting ways, and I love using them around the knees and shoulders. Although I tend to use glass cups more often than plastic cups, I think plastic cups are a great option!

Once applied to the skin, cups can be left stationary or be moved over the surface of the skin (often called “gliding” or “sliding” cupping) using oil or lotion as a lubricant. Cups are generally left in place for 5-10 minutes, and sometimes, I'll do another round in different locations. The cups will feel tight, but should not be painful. Most of my clients say it feels “weird” at first, then they get used to it after the first few cups. Then they say it feels “awesome”!

We also have small silicone cups at the clinic, which are soft, flexible, and easy to use. I use silicone cups most often on the neck and face. Yep, you read that right - I can cup your face! Facial cupping is much more gentle than other forms of cupping, using very mild suction and continuous movement - we don't want to leave marks! Facial cupping is a great option to address jaw tension, sinus congestion, headaches, and to brighten and smooth the complexion. 

What it does

The suction and negative pressure created through cupping increases blood circulation, loosens muscles and connective tissue, clears “heat”, and creates a soothing, sedating effect on the nervous system. It also helps to draw out dead or stagnant blood cells, cellular debris, lymph fluid, and toxins out of the deeper tissues and up toward the surface, allowing for easier release from the body and improving overall blood circulation to the area.

From a Chinese medicine perspective, cupping “opens” the channels, the pathways in the body through which qi (dynamic life force energy) flows. A free flow of qi is necessary to support the function of the body’s tissues and organs. When that flow is obstructed, and the qi and blood are stagnant, pain and dysfunction results. Cupping helps to improve the flow of qi and blood, allowing for improved function and healing.

What can cupping treat?

Cupping can be used to treat a wide variety of health conditions. These are my favorite uses for cupping, but the possibilities do not end here!

  • Cupping is an excellent deep-tissue therapy, and awesome for muscle tension and pain anywhere in the body. Cupping works wonders for tight necks and shoulders (and “tech neck”!), tense low back muscles, hip pain, sciatica, various joint problems, or tight IT bands (cyclists and runners, I’m looking at you!). I have also seen good results with combinations of cupping, acupuncture, and topical herbs for stubborn plantar fasciitis and achilles pain. Cupping is awesome for athletes! Cupping on the forearms and inner wrists can be helpful for carpal tunnel-type symptoms and other types of overuse injuries.
  • Cupping can help manage asthma and other lung conditions, and improve breathing and break up stubborn phlegm in the lungs from the common cold or other conditions.
  • Cupping on the low back can help prevent and alleviate menstrual cramping.
  • Headaches of various types can be alleviated through cupping.
  • Digestive pain, bloating, and irregularity can be assisted with cupping on the abdomen, and along the spine where the digestive organs innervate with the spinal cord.
  • Cupping has a sedating, soothing effect on the nervous system. This means that it can help reduce stress and anxiety, has also been shown to lower blood pressure.
  • Feel a cold coming on? Cupping can help prevent the onset of colds, and can help quicken recovery from colds that have already set in. Using cupping and herbal medicine at the first hint of a sore, scratchy throat, body aches and chills is a great first line of defense. We often use this exact treatment on ourselves here at the clinic with great success whenever we feel a cold coming on!

What’s the deal with the red marks from cupping? Do they hurt?

The suction effect on the skin brings blood, lymph, cellular debris, pathogenic factors, and toxins toward the surface. These processes can result in redness (what we call “sha“) and  petichiae (tiny red spots caused by the breaking of micro capillaries).

These marks are part of the process, and do not mean that cupping has caused damage or injury to the body. Rather, it shows that blood flow was increased to the area. Often times, the darker the redness that results from a treatment, the more stagnant the qi and blood in that area — in short, the more you need it!

For most people, redness should fade within 2-5 days. The process of cupping, and the resulting marks, should never be painful.

As you continue to receive regular cupping session after session, the marks will become gradually lighter after each treatment. This indicates that the health of your tissues and the flow of your body's qi and blood are improving! 

How will I feel after a treatment, and what should I do to take care of myself after?

You may notice that the area of treatment feels more open, easier to move, and that you may have less pain and tension. You may also feel like the area is warmer, due to increased blood circulation. You may feel relaxed and refreshed, with clearer thinking.

To take care of yourself after cupping, keep the treatment area warm and away from wind and drafts, drink plenty of water, and avoid taking a shower, bath, or swimming for a few hours. While these may seem like funny pieces of advice, it all makes sense from a Chinese medicine perspective — the treatment opened up your pores and channels, and we want to make sure that no pathogenic factors find their way in!

How often do I need cupping?

That depends entirely on your body and your situation. Acute or short-term symptoms tend to resolve more quickly than long-term symptoms. I have some patients who come every week for cupping treatments, while some patients only get it once a month. Because it has a cumulative effect, for chronic issues I recommend coming weekly for 4-6 treatments to get the best results, then re-evaluating.

What are the contraindications (reasons not to get cupped)?

  • If you are very weak, are dealing with a prolonged disease, or have low blood pressure, you may be able to receive cupping, but it will be gentle treatment and you should give yourself plenty of time to rest afterward
  • If you have a bleeding disorder or taking blood thinners, cupping treatments may not be appropriate or should be done with extreme caution
  • Pregnant people should not receive cupping on the low back, sacrum, or abdomen
  • Cupping should not be performed on areas of severely dry/flaky, infected, broken, sunburned, burned, or inflamed skin
  • Cupping should not be performed on areas of edema, ascites, or swelling
  • Cupping should not be performed over broken bones, herniated discs, dislocations
  • People should not receive cupping if experiencing severe health conditions such as cardiac failure, renal failure, liver failure

How do I schedule?

You want to experience it now, don’t you? 

At the clinic, we'll soon be offering cupping in our awesome Constellation Cupping Club, or as a 60-minute session in combination with Tui Na, a form of Chinese medical massage. Cupping and Tui Na work beautifully together to relieve tension, reduce pain, and make you feel amazing!

New patients: If you’ve never been seen at the clinic before, you should book a 1-hour New Patient Cupping & Tui Na Visit ($85). We will chat about your health history and main areas of concern, then you will received 20-30 minutes of cupping and bodywork.

Existing patients: If you have been seen at the clinic before, you can join the Constellation Cupping Club and pay a flat fee of $60 per month to receive up to 4 walk-in cupping treatmetns per month. If you're in need of a more in-depth one-time treatment, the 60-minute Cupping and Tui Na Visit is a full hour of relaxing bliss.

Cupping may also be offered as part of an Intial or Follow-Up Acupuncture Appointment if deemed appropriate for the patient.

You can book appointments online HERE.

Have questions? Want to chat before booking?

Shoot us a message from our contact page. We can discuss your questions, concerns, and goals, as well as our approach and the services we offer, to see if working together would be a good fit. We look forward to getting to know you!

*The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.

*Heads up! This post may contain some affiliate links. If you buy something through one of those links you won't pay a single cent more, but we'll get a small commission that helps keep the content flowing. P.S. We only recommend products we use in our own daily life!

Healthy holiday gift guide

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With the winter holidays coming up, I often get asked at the clinic about some of my favorite kitchen and bath products I use regularly at home to stay healthy. Today I'm sharing some of the most well-loved books and gadgets I use non-stop at my house. (Seriously, all of these are in regular rotation at my house.)


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Practical Paleo by Diane Sanfilippo

This is probably the most dog-eared and stained cookbook in our kitchen. On top of having amazing real food recipes, it also is chock-full of nutritional information and 30-day meal plans for a variety of chronic conditions such as Type II Diabetes, hypothyroidism, and Irritable Bowel Disease.

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Nom Nom Paleo: Food for Humans by Michelle Tam and Henry Fong

While technically I don't have this cookbook, I do have their iPad app and I LOVE it. Michelle creates my favorite Instant Pot recipes and her humor and personality flows from everything she does. I've been an avid reader of her blog since 2008 so I can tell you with 100% certainty that her recipes are the real deal.

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How to Cook Everything Vegetarian by Mark Bittman

Lest you think I only cook paleo in my house (I don't!) I wanted to share with you my favorite reference style cookbook. Mark Bittman doesn't disappoint with this tome full of vegetarian classics and modern twists. We all need more vegetables in our diet and this cookbook helps me do just that!


Kitchen gadgets:


Instant Pot 7-in-1 Cooker

I use this 7-in-1 electric pressure cooker multiple times a week. Hell, I even use it multiple times per day! A few of my favorite things I use it for: perfectly hard boiling a dozen eggs at a time, BBQ pork in under 2hrs, a d homemade bone broth in under an hour. I've even made perfect risotto in this thing! Seriously, I"m in LOVE.


Spiralizer Veggie Slicer

This handy gadget is a gluten-free person's best friend (like me!). In the summer I use this to make zuchinni noodles for our backyard pesto - and in the winter I like to spiralize up some sweet potatoes to fry up in a cast iron pan for a breakfast hash.


Vitamix Blender

This blender is a giant workhorse in the kitchen. I use it for anything from perfectly blended green smoothies (where I don't have to trim the kale!) to homemade almond butter, paleo mayo, and the silkiest butternut squash soup you've ever eaten. I have yet to get the dry canister to make my own gluten-free flours, but that's next on my wish list!

Natural health books:

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Medicinal Herbs, A Beginner's Guide by Rosemary Gladstar

I love this short and snappy book for any beginner looking to dip their toe into using herbs for natural healing. This book is super reader friendly and uses many plants you're probably familiar with in new and interesting ways. Plus, Rosemary is the godmother of herbalism and her knowledge runs incredibly deep. One of my absolute faves!

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Healing with Whole Foods by Paul Pitchford

This was THE book that got me into Chinese medicine over a decade ago. It focuses on using food as medicine, but also is great if you're interested in learning more about working with the seasons to benefit your health.

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Stone Medicine: A Chinese Medical Guide to Healing with Gems and Minerals by Leslie J Franks

Ever wonder how we've learned so much about how to use stones for health and healing in our treatments? This book is our secret weapon. We have a copy in the office AND I have a copy at home - no joke! It's also a great beginner's primer on the theory's behind Chinese medicine. Reads like a textbook, but highly recommended!!

Other bits and bobs:


Essential Oil Diffuser

This diffuser runs every night in our bedroom come wintertime. It brings just enough moisture into the air (our bedroom is tiny so a traditional humidifier is actually too humid for us!) and circulates my favorite essential oils blends through the air. (I usually stick with a rosemary + thyme mix during cold season and lavender at night to help sleep.)



Spoonk Acupressure Mat

This mat helps bring some of the benefits of your acupuncture treatments home with you! It uses acupressure to stimulate a lot of the same meridians and acu-points we access in the clinic - all from the comfort of your own bed. I used this a lot after my neck surgery several years back and found it great to help me relax, sleep without pain, and wake without headaches.


Dandy Blend Instant Herbal Beverage

This might feel like a weird gift to some of you, but if I was gifted a 2lb bag of my fave morning beverage, I'd be stoked.

This is my favorite coffee alternative and was my saving grace when I cut caffeine out of my life several years back. I like to mix mine with a bit of acacia fiber and collagen hydrolysate for a healthy morning blend.

*The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.

*Heads up! This post may contain some affiliate links. If you buy something through one of those links you won't pay a single cent more, but we'll get a small commission that helps keep the content flowing. P.S. We only recommend products we use in our own daily life!

Chinese Food Therapy for Winter

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Winter solitude-
in a world of one color
the sound of the wind.
-Matsuo Basho

Brrrr. It’s chilly outside! Well, maybe it’s not chilly YET...but the crisp scent of snow will soon fill our noses, while the wind whistles it’s wintry tune.

As the seasons change

And so, with the change of season come a gradual change to our daily routine. We begin to bundle up when going outside, drink warm beverages more often, and maybe even follow the example set by the sun and go to bed earlier! As our outer environment slows down and becomes quiet, we humans naturally move into a period of hibernation and quiet activity. We take refuge in our warm homes and enjoy quiet seasonal celebrations with our friends and family.

So what does this have to do with Chinese medicine? Chinese medicine is one of many traditional healing systems which encourage us to observe our natural external environment in order to find the answers we need for inner health. Human beings are part of and subject to the same cycles that occur in nature- birth, growth, maturation, decline and death/hibernation. Every single one of us will follow this path at our own pace. It is what connects all of us to each other, and each of us to mother earth.

Winter is coming

This cycle is evident not only in our life span, but also yearly with the change of each season. We are currently moving into the winter season; the time when our natural surroundings decline and go into hibernation in order to strengthen themselves for the upcoming burst of energy they will need in the spring. Winter is a time of slow and steady work happening right under our feet as the earth’s energy moves deep underground to nourish and renew itself.  In this way winter can be likened to sleep; a time during the yearly cycle to renew oneself by resting. In order to be healthy, humans and animals should follow earth’s example and utilize winter time as a time to replenish ourselves through rest and practices that repair/renew our bodies and minds.

According to Chinese dietary principles, there are particular foods and ways of eating which are most helpful during these colder days. To get a sense of this, let’s do a contrasting exercise.  What we might naturally be hungry for on a hot, sweaty day during the summer? Mmmm...watermelon! Hot days call for us to eat watery foods to replace fluids and electrolytes lost through sweat. Watermelon is one such food. It physically cools us down and help us to rehydrate. No wonder it tastes so good during summer picnics!

But our nutritional needs are very different during the winter. Watermelon doesn’t seem that appealing when it’s cold outside. Slow-cooked, warming food and drink like soup flavored with ginger, garlic and black pepper or a mug of sweet and spicy chai are what we crave when it’s chilly, and these are healthy choices that feed our bodies well during the cold months.

Warming the digestive fire

If we picture our digestive system as a steady fire that warms and breaks down our food, then it is important to note that this digestive fire functions at different levels according to the time of year. Summer is the height of our digestive fire and many of us enjoy and have no issue digesting plenty of raw, fresh foods at this time of year. We can eat salads and watermelon with abandon because our higher level of digestive fire will “cook” our food internally, meaning it will process food into the nutrition our bodies need.

But if we tried to eat similarly during the winter? Well, our tummies would not be very happy! Winter is when our digestive fire is operating at it’s lowest level. Our digestive systems need food which is already broken down and easily made into nutrition for our body. Cooking our food efficiently breaks it down before it enters our body, and our digestive fire is not taxed beyond its seasonal ability. Thus, we need to make sure the bulk of our food is eaten warm and well cooked when it is cold outside

I like to think of this as similar to pulling your sweaters and long pants out of storage for the winter, while packing away your tank tops and shorts; we change our wardrobe to match the season, so why wouldn’t we change the foods we eat and how they are prepared?

Want to learn more?

Interested in how to select and enjoy foods for the winter? Each practitioner at Constellation Acupuncture and Healing Arts is trained in helping you to eat seasonally and utilize food as medicine. If you’d like to dive deep into Chinese food therapeutics schedule a 60 minute Food Therapy session.  We’d love to meet with you and talk more!

*The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.
*Heads up! This post may contain some affiliate links. If you buy something through one of those links you won't pay a single cent more, but we'll get a small commission that helps keep the content flowing. P.S. We only recommend products we use in our own daily life!


How I healed my sinus infection without antibiotics


This post was originally written for my personal blog a few years back, but has been so incredibly popular with folks trying to manage their own chronic sinus troubles naturally that I wanted to share it here with you.

My story

Last weekend Minneapolis had a heat wave and while everyone else was riding bikes and grilling outside, I was laid up in bed with some very angry sinus pain. Not fun. But that was a week ago, and now this weekend is almost here, and I'm feeling great and ready to get back on the saddle (literally and figuratively).

A few patients this week asked me if I took antibiotics to get over my sinus woes, and were surprised when I told them I didn't. Their next question was always: "How?"

Before we start, please take note that I don't shun all uses of antibiotics - I just believe that they are both over-prescribed and over-consumed in our current pharmaceutical based medical system. This over-consumption is already leading to strains of antibiotic resistant bacteria - otherwise known as superbugs. This is leading us to a time and place where antibiotics won't be nearly as effective when they are truly needed.

So, how did I do it?

A little history

First off, I have a long and painful history with sinus infections. I had more of them (and took antibiotics for more of them) than I have fingers (and maybe even toes)  before the age of 25. My doctor even ordered a head CT during an especially nasty bout. So, this would be a good time to explain that the term sinus infection is really misleading. The Oxford Journal reported that generally less than 2% of sinus infections are complicated by a true bacterial infection. The actual medical term is acute rhinosinusitis, which actually means acute inflammation of the nose and sinuses. And this inflammation can be caused by just about anything: a cold, allergies, or irritation. The inflammation makes it difficult for mucus to drain properly, which leaves us with lots of congestion and a painfully full sensation in our heads.

So, because of my long sinusitis history, I have a pretty good idea of when my sinuses are angry and inflamed - my head feels like a brick, I can't blow my nose, and I get a pounding feeling behind my eye each time I take a step. Fun times, right?!

Well, after attending a bonfire at a friends house and being in the line of smoke all evening, I woke up the next morning with excessive sinus congestion and post nasal drip (when mucus runs down the back of your throat). I knew what it meant and where it was leading, so I took action immediately!

The treatment

Here are the list of things that I do immediately when I come down with a case of sinusitis. This routine usually clear everything up for me within five or so days. If your sinus symptoms are lasting longer than 7-10 days, there is a larger chance that it could be due to bacteria and a visit to your physician might be in order.

Rest, lots of it. It sucks being sick. You miss out on fun shows or bike rides or gorgeous sunny March days. I get it. But our bodies do most of their healing work while we're sleeping, so sleep I did.

Drink clear fluids. I ate Phở at my favorite Vietnamese restaurant, drank lots of herbal tea (this one is my fave), and kept drinking good old fashioned water.  This step is the most important. Clear fluids are needed to help thin out the mucus as much as possible so that it can drain out of the small, inflamed passageway. The more you drink, the thinner your mucus will become, which will make you better, faster. Stay away from milk products and sugary beverages though. The dairy will thicken your mucus and the sugary beverages will increase the inflammation. I also start taking shots of fire cider to help thin out the mucus even more.

Acupuncture and Chinese herbs. Most people are familiar with the fact that acupuncture is great for chronic pain, but did you know that it works great for colds, the flu, and sinus pain too? At the first sign of congestion, I started taking some Chinese herbs and made an appointment for myself.

*Please only take Chinese herbs that have been prescribed to you by a board certified Chinese herbalist. They are powerful healing tools that can produce amazing effects when used correctly, but can also create further complication when the wrong herbs are self-prescribed. Also, only a board certified herbalist will be able to check any possible interactions with your prescription medications. OK, rant over!

Whole food supplements. I prefer 100% food based supplements over super-dosing with isolated vitamins that we're grown in a lab. So, for those who are wondering, here's what I took:

Standard Process Congaplex. This is my supplement of choice whenever I feel a virus coming on. Its a mix of carrots, alfalfa, mushrooms, echinacea, and calcium lactate to provide the nutrients bodies need during inflammatory states. But the kicker is the addition of animal glandulars such as thymus (the home of white blood cells) to help kick start our own white blood cell production. BOOM!

Green Pastures Fermented Cod Liver Oil and Butter Blend. I apologize if you just threw-up a bit in your mouth after reading that, but listen to me when I tell you that it really isn't bad tasting. I know that when I'm sick I need an extra dose of vitamins A and D to help soothe my irritated mucus membranes and boost my immune system. And I know the best and most natural way to do that is with this blend of healthy fats. So down the hatch it goes. (I prefer the cinnamon tingle flavor by the way.)

Herb Pharm's Goldenseal and Usnea. Years before I became a Chinese herbalist, I fell in love with traditional western herbalism. I had (and still have, much to my fiance's dismay) shelves and shelves of tincture bottles in our kitchen, all filled with the powerful magic of plants. (Sorry, is this getting too woo woo for you?) I was fairly certain that my sinusitis wasn't a bacterial infection, but just to be safe, I decided to incorporate these two traditional herbs into the mix for their bitter taste and strong anti-microbial properties. Usnea has even been shown to be effective against penicillin resistant gram positive bacteria (fellow science nerds out there will be super into that fact).

Two over the counter drugs: Mucinex and Advil. What? An acupuncturist is taking OTC meds? Yep! Here's my take on pharmaceuticals. They're not all evil (though some of them might actually be Satan's spawn), and sometimes they're necessary, but for my body, I prefer not to take anything long term. I believe there's a time and a place for everything, and if a few days of Advil and Mucinex get me healthier, faster - keeping me away from a round of Amoxicillin - then so be it. Why did I choose these two specifically? Mucinex helps thin out the mucus clogging my sinuses (remember we talked about the importance of thinning out that mucus earlier?) and Advil helps reduce the inflammation that was narrowing the sinus passages.

*Please note that not everyone reacts well to over the counter medicines and my experience is mine alone. While Advil and Mucinex are both considered safe by the FDA, each has their own list of side-effects. Please do your due diligence before starting any new over the counter drugs.

Other tips and tricks

I made a batch of my daikon & honey cough syrup to add to the herbal tea I kept downing. Also, since it's delicious, it helped mask the incredibly bitter taste of the goldenseal tincture.

I used Simpler's sinus blend essential oil in a diffuser (this is the one I have at home) and even placed a drop or two in my nostril when I was super stuffed up. This blend of eucalyptus, rosemary, and inula essential oils always opens my nose up immediately and I love the smell.

According to Chinese medicine, excessive mucus in the head is due to an abundance of dampness and phlegm. The best foods to eat when trying to transform damp phlegm are warm, aromatic foods and spices. Think onions, garlic, ginger, and black pepper. Also try to avoid dairy products (we talked about that earlier) and raw fruits and veggies. Those might sound super healthy, but if you don't have the strongest digestion in the world you body might not be able to break down those cold foods very well, which can result in even more dampness.

Many of you are probably wondering where my neti-pot was this whole time. Well, in the first two days I did use it a bit and I felt it was helping. Then, the mucus just stopped moving. Once that happens I never try to force it with the nasal flush. Because in my experience, it always makes my situation worse. I prefer to use it as a preventative measure during allergy season, as opposed to using it as a treatment method. But everyone is different and I know tons of people that swear by it. So if you're someone who loves it? Then that's awesome.

And lastly, the most important thing you need to heal your sinus pain...patience. Healing the body takes time. It's important to give your body the time it needs to let your immune system get to work. So often people freak out at the first sign of sinus pain or green snot and rush to request antibiotics. I simply chose not to do that because I knew I had other options - and I'm glad I did.

**The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.

***Heads up! This post may contain some affiliate links. If you buy something through one of those links you won't pay a single cent more, but we'll get a small commission that helps keep the content flowing. P.S. We only recommend products we use in our own daily life - duh!